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Modal Testing of Engine Crankshaft

The modal testing experiment presented here is performed by a university research laboratory using ModalVIEW software and National Instruments DSA hardware as the modal testing and analysis tool. The analysis result is used to verify FE model.

Experiment scenario

The testing object is a engine crankshaft structure:

ModalVIEW modal analysis software provides advanced modal analysis method based on mode stabilization diagram to extract modes from FRF measurements, which meet testing requirements. National Instruments 24-bit portable module PXI-4498 is used to guarantee the accurate measurement of weak vibration signal of measured points far away from excitation point.  

System configuration

In this modal testing experiment, the following software and hardware are used

1.ModalVIEW R2 Software.

2.NI DSA System (PXI Chassis PXI-1042 Controller PXI-8106, 16 channel DSA module PXI-4498)

3.Tri-axial accelerometer (Kistler 8690C50).

4.Hammer (Lance LC1302).

Analysis results

Modal analysis for the structure is finished with ModalVIEW’s advanced mode estimation method based on mode stabilization diagram. The following figure shows the clear mode stabilization diagram from 120 measured FRF data.

The closely spaced modes can be selected from stabilization diagram. The real modes are kept with mathematical or faked modes being discarded. Part of the picked meaningful modes are listed in following table :

Index Frequency (Hz) Damping (%)
1 182.75 0.583
2 207.79 0.479
3 405.28 0.460
4 436.19 0.423
5 509.27 0.317
6 994.62 0.116

Part of the mode shapes are compared with the simulated results from FEM as following :

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Last updated Jan 1st, 2017